Author Topic: The Gods of the Copybook Headings  (Read 3348 times)

December 18, 2013, 07:09:44 PM

Offline Len

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The Gods of the Copybook Headings
« on: December 18, 2013, 07:09:44 PM »
Below is a poem from author and poet Rudyard Kipling entitled, The Gods of the Copybook Headings. Before the poem, I’ve shared a little explanation of copybook headings and references in the poem not commonly known.

Copybooks were in main use for schools in the 19th century up until the first quarter of the 20th century. Copybook headings were short quotes of common sense and age old morals that the children would copy out throughout the page to practice their letters and handwriting. A few examples of copybook headings are as follows:

“Eternal vigilance is the price of success.”

“If wishes were horses then beggars would ride.”

“All is not gold that glitters.”

“Well begun is half done.”


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Obscure references in the poem:

“Cambrian measures” and “Carboniferous Epoch”: Early geological periods in Earth’s history, hundreds of millions of years ago. These are meant as primal and ancient metaphors in Kipling’s poem.

“Feminian Sandstones”: reference to foundation stones of some of the oldest churches.

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The Gods of the Copybook Headings


As I pass through my incarnations in every age and race,
I make my proper prostrations to the Gods of the Market Place.
Peering through reverent fingers I watch them flourish and fall,
And the Gods of the Copybook Headings, I notice, outlast them all.

We were living in trees when they met us. They showed us each in turn
That Water would certainly wet us, as Fire would certainly burn:
But we found them lacking in Uplift, Vision and Breadth of Mind,
So we left them to teach the Gorillas while we followed the March of Mankind.

We moved as the Spirit listed. They never altered their pace,
Being neither cloud nor wind-borne like the Gods of the Market Place;
But they always caught up with our progress, and presently word would come
That a tribe had been wiped off its icefield, or the lights had gone out in Rome.

With the Hopes that our World is built on they were utterly out of touch,
They denied that the Moon was Stilton; they denied she was even Dutch;
They denied that Wishes were Horses; they denied that a Pig had Wings;
So we worshipped the Gods of the Market Who promised these beautiful things.

When the Cambrian measures were forming, They promised perpetual peace.
They swore, if we gave them our weapons, that the wars of the tribes would cease.
But when we disarmed They sold us and delivered us bound to our foe,
And the Gods of the Copybook Headings said: "Stick to the Devil you know."

On the first Feminian Sandstones we were promised the Fuller Life
(Which started by loving our neighbour and ended by loving his wife)
Till our women had no more children and the men lost reason and faith,
And the Gods of the Copybook Headings said: "The Wages of Sin is Death."

In the Carboniferous Epoch we were promised abundance for all,
By robbing selected Peter to pay for collective Paul;
But, though we had plenty of money, there was nothing our money could buy,
And the Gods of the Copybook Headings said: "If you don't work you die."

Then the Gods of the Market tumbled, and their smooth-tongued wizards withdrew
And the hearts of the meanest were humbled and began to believe it was true
That All is not Gold that Glitters, and Two and Two make Four —
And the Gods of the Copybook Headings limped up to explain it once more.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

As it will be in the future, it was at the birth of Man —
There are only four things certain since Social Progress began: —
That the Dog returns to his Vomit and the Sow returns to her Mire,
And the burnt Fool's bandaged finger goes wabbling back to the Fire;

And that after this is accomplished, and the brave new world begins
When all men are paid for existing and no man must pay for his sins,
As surely as Water will wet us, as surely as Fire will burn,
The Gods of the Copybook Headings with terror and slaughter return!